Theresa of Avila, Saint

   Saint Theresa, a native of Avila in the Castilian region of Spain, decided to pursue the religious life at a young age. In 1536, she entered the Carmelite convent of Avila where she began to experience visions that at first caused her great concern, but soon a spiritual adviser helped her recognize that these were mystical occurrences. In the 1560s she began a reformation campaign of the Carmelite Order by establishing new convents all over Spain. She met bitter opposition until, in 1580, Gregory XIII persuaded King Philip II of Spain to give recognition to her new Order of the Discalced Carmelites. While engaged in these efforts, St. Theresa wrote her Autobiography (1565), The Way of Perfection (1573), and Interior Castle (1577), all meant as instructional manuals and considered today to be among the most notable examples of mystic literature. Her writings inspired Gian Lorenzo Bernini to render her experiencing one of her mystical moments in the Cornaro Chapel in the Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome (1645-1652). In 1622, Gregory XV canonized St. Theresa and, in 1970, she was declared a Doctor of the Church, the first woman to receive such an honor.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Theresa,Saint — The·re·sa or Te·re·sa (tə rēʹsə, zə, rāʹ ), Saint Known as “Theresa of Ávila.” 1515 1582. Spanish nun and mystical writer who founded the reformed order of Carmelites (1562). Her works include The Way of Perfection, published posthumously. * * * …   Universalium

  • Theresa — noun Indian nun and missionary in the Roman Catholic Church (born of Albanian parents in what is now Macedonia); dedicated to helping the poor in India (1910 1997) • Syn: ↑Teresa, ↑Mother Teresa, ↑Mother Theresa, ↑Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu • Instance …   Useful english dictionary

  • Theresa — /teuh ree seuh, zeuh/; Sp. /te rdde sah/, n. 1. Saint. Also, Teresa. Also called Theresa of Avila /ah vee lah /. 1515 82, Spanish Carmelite nun, mystic, and writer. 2. a female given name. * * * …   Universalium

  • Saint Teresa — may refer to:*Saint Teresa of Ávila (1515–1582), founder of the Reformed Carmelites, and Doctor of the Church *Saint Thérèse of Lisieux, O.C.D. (1873–1897), Carmelite nun, and Doctor of the Church *Saint Teresa of Los Andes (1900–1920), Carmelite …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Teresa of Ávila Cathedral — is a cathedral in Požega, Croatia, and the seat of the Požega diocese. Located near Požega city center and at the foot of the hill where a medieval fortress once stood, this cathedral is a beautiful example of Baroque architecture.ConstructionThe …   Wikipedia

  • Theresa — biographical name Saint see Teresa of Avila …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • St. Theresa's College, Cebu City — Infobox University name = St. Theresa s College, Cebu City established = 1 June 1933 founder = Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary type = Private, Exclusive ICM grades = Prep to College campus = Don Ramon Aboitiz St., Cebu City… …   Wikipedia

  • Chapel of St. Theresa-the Little Flower — (St. Patrick Church) U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Mère Theresa — Mère Teresa Mère Teresa de Calcutta Mère Teresa Bienheureuse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mère Thérésa — Mère Teresa Mère Teresa de Calcutta Mère Teresa Bienheureuse …   Wikipédia en Français

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